Poetic Forms Poetic Forms    

Lesson 28: Visual: Salut Monde (Greetings World!)

by Guillaume Apollinaire

lesson image
Salut Monde


Greetings world!

I am the eloquent tongue

which your mouth, O Paris,

will forever stick out at the Germans.

    Poetic Forms Poetic Forms    

Lesson 28: Visual: Salut Monde (Greetings World!)

by Guillaume Apollinaire


Study the poem for one week.

Over the week:

  • Read the poem each day.
  • Review the synopsis.
  • Read about the poetic form.
  • Complete the enrichment activities.


The final visual poem by French poet Guillaume Apollinaire is called "Salut Monde" (Greetings World!). The poem arrangement resembles the famed Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. The poem uses a metaphor to compare the Eiffel Tower to a tongue being stuck out at the Germans. World War I inspired Apollinaire to write the poem as France was fighting with the Allies against Germany and the Central Powers.


Poems often adhere to specific poetic forms, defined as 'poems following distinct sets of rules.'

The nine poetic forms we'll study include the:

  1. Sijo: A lyrical Korean poetic form of three long lines.
  2. Haiku: A Japanese poem of three lines and a total of seventeen syllables.
  3. Limerick: A humorous poem of five lines and the rhyming scheme AABBA, typically having syllables of 9–9–6–6–9.
  4. Sonnet: A poetic form of fourteen lines that follow one of a few common rhyming schemes.
  5. Epitaph: A poem honoring the deceased, engraved on a burial marker or tomb.
  6. Acrostic: A poem where particular letter spell out a secret message, often the first letter of each line.
  7. Visual: A poem written in such a way that the lines form a pattern, usually related to the subject-matter of the poem.
  8. Ode
  9. Blank Verse


Activity 1: Recite the Poem Title, Poet Name, and Poem

  • Each day this week, recite aloud the title of the poem, the name of the poet, and the poem.

Activity 2: Study the Poem Picture

Study the poem picture and describe how the poem relates to the patterns its words form.

Activity 3: Narrate the Poem

  • After reading the poem, narrate the poem concepts aloud using your own words.

Activity 4: Map the Poem

  • The Eiffel Tower resides in Paris, France.
  • Find Paris on the map of France.

Activity 5: Complete Book Activities   

  • Click the crayon above, and complete page 31 of 'Elementary Poetry 6: Poetic Forms.'


  1. Apollinaires, Guillaume. Calligrammes. Paris. Mercvre de France, 1913-1916.
  2. 'Eiffel Tower.' Wikipedia. Wikipedia.org. n.p.