Poetic Forms Poetic Forms    

Lesson 26: Visual: La Cravate (The Tie)

by Guillaume Apollinaire

lesson image
La Cravate



that you wear

something so civilized

you must take it off

if you wish to breathe.

    Poetic Forms Poetic Forms    

Lesson 26: Visual: La Cravate (The Tie)

by Guillaume Apollinaire


Study the poem for one week.

Over the week:

  • Read the poem each day.
  • Review the synopsis.
  • Read about the poetic form.
  • Complete the enrichment activities.


The visual poem, "La Cravate" (The Tie), by French poet Guillaume Apollinaire addresses the civilized discomfort of the formal necktie.


Poems often adhere to specific poetic forms, defined as 'poems following distinct sets of rules.'

The nine poetic forms we'll study include the:

  1. Sijo: A lyrical Korean poetic form of three long lines.
  2. Haiku: A Japanese poem of three lines and a total of seventeen syllables.
  3. Limerick: A humorous poem of five lines and the rhyming scheme AABBA, typically having syllables of 9–9–6–6–9.
  4. Sonnet: A poetic form of fourteen lines that follow one of a few common rhyming schemes.
  5. Epitaph: A poem honoring the deceased, engraved on a burial marker or tomb.
  6. Acrostic: A poem where particular letter spell out a secret message, often the first letter of each line.
  7. Visual: A poem written in such a way that the lines form a pattern, usually related to the subject-matter of the poem.
  8. Ode
  9. Blank Verse


Activity 1: Recite the Poem Title, Poet Name, and Poem

  • Each day this week, recite aloud the title of the poem, the name of the poet, and the poem.

Activity 2: Study the Poem Picture

Study the poem picture and describe how the poem relates to the patterns its words form.

Activity 3: Narrate the Poem

  • After reading the poem, narrate the poem concepts aloud using your own words.

Activity 4: Map the Poem

  • Poet Guillaume Apollinaire wrote his poem in French.
  • Find France on the map of world.

Activity 5: Complete Book Activities   

  • Click the crayon above, and complete page 29 of 'Elementary Poetry 6: Poetic Forms.'


  1. Apollinaires, Guillaume. Calligrammes. Paris. Mercvre de France, 1913-1916.